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How to Become a Zookeeper

Many students ask us whether the Zoology Major is the best preparation at UF for becoming a zookeeper. To help answer this, Susan Danhauser, Director of Human Resources for the Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens, has very kindly provided the information below.

Our Zoo can have up to 100 or more applications for every zookeeper opening here at the Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens.  As a result, it is important to know how to separate yourself from the other applicants.  Although there are many things considered, it usually comes down to two basics – experience and education. 

Experience: This is often the deciding factor.  But how do you get experience if you have none?  The answer is quite easy – volunteer.  Volunteer at the Zoo near you.  That is by far the best thing you can do.  If there isn’t a zoo nearby, then volunteer at a veterinary clinic, animal shelter, humane society, etc.  Your basic goal is twofold.  You want to acquire experience working directly with a variety of animals, and you are establishing yourself a record with someone who can then vouch that you are a hard worker, that shows up on time, follows directions well, works well with others, etc.  Historically, a lot of zookeepers came from the farm.  They literally grew-up taking care of animals.  Now that we are less of an Agrarian Society there are more positions open to people with a variety of animal experiences.  Unfortunately, in most cases, just keeping pets does not provide the needed appropriate experience.   

Many people enter the zoo world through the entry-level position of animal keeper, and it is a pivotal job in the Zoo.  Zookeepers are the first line of defense against potential health and injury problems.  In captivity many of our charges do not show signs of disease or illness until it is too late to treat effectively.  A good keeper gets to know their animals so well that they recognize the subtle signs of illness a specimen may be hiding.  This allows our veterinary staff to treat the specimen in a timely fashion.

Education: Although the only specific education requirement at the Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens is a High School education, it is often the college degree that gets you that closer look.  Although a degree in Zoology or Animal Science would be nice, a bachelor in one of the other life sciences will do just fine.  Although not a requirement, there is a small handful of keeper training programs related to institutions of higher learning.  One such program is in Florida at the Santa Fe Community College Teaching Zoo in Gainesville, FL.

Being a zookeeper means commitment to your animals, to the Zoo, and to public education.  It involves long hours and hard work and over 95% of the time it isn’t really that glamorous.  But if you love animals, want to work with species that few people ever get to see close-up, and want to be there for those occasional moments where you have direct impact on an endangered species or succeed in a special breeding or birth, then you will find the job very rewarding.  During 2006, one of our zookeepers celebrated his 25th anniversary as a keeper at the Jacksonville Zoo.  A good place to learn more about zookeepers is the web site for the American Association of Zookeepers at

If you are interested in becoming part of our Zoo family and want to work with species that few people ever get to be near then contact the Director of Human Resources, Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens, 370 Zoo Parkway, Jacksonville, FL, 32218; Email (in Word format); or Fax: 904-757-1626.

Our volunteer program offers students the opportunity to work along side of keepers in their daily routines.  We do require a recent TB test result to work with the animals.  There are classes that we give here that are required before they can work in animal areas.  Please contact the Volunteer Coordinator, Ali Van Broekhoven or visit our website at for more information on the program.

Finally, the book Opportunities In Zoo Careers by Blythe Camenson may be helpful. It tells about a variety of different careers like keeper, curator, behaviorists, vet staff and wildlife rehabalitation.